International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Project
Central and West Asia is a unique region where wheat landraces are still grown by many farming communities especially in remote mountainous regions and normally used at households with little marketing. Collections ex-situin the genebanks are very important for conservation and access to the wheat landraces.Turkey national wheat landraces inventory conducted in 2009-2014 by IWWIP collected the landraces from more than 1500 farmers from 59 provinces revealing their tremendous diversity and use by numerous farmers. The same work has been done Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The inventories also demonstrated the increasing pace of landrace disappearing and replacement by other crops and modern varieties. The key question at present is how wheat landraces can be preserved on-farm (or in-situ) so that this diversity can continue serving the farming communities and the country at large. International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources supported regional project (Turkey, Afghanistan and Iran) to work with the farmers to maintain the landraceson the farmers fields. This workshop is part of the essential project activities to raise awareness about the landraces and develop a vision for their diversity conservation.